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debt of gratitude前后如何搭配?
作者:李  翔    文章來源:本站原創    點擊數:    更新時間:2013/3/12    
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debt of gratitude前后如何搭配?  

   

本站特約作者     

   

Renzhi Li (李韌之  汕頭大學外文系教授)主編  Modality in English and Chinese: a Typological Perspenctive (Antwerp, 2003)“Acknowledgements“有這樣一句話:I have specific debts of gratitude for Dr. Johan van der Auwera for his continuous encouragement, critical comments, and luminous directions.  

然而, have specific debts of gratitude for sb. for sth. 卻是不符合英美語言習慣的Chinglish, 在英美語中習慣用法是owe a debt of gratitude to sb. for sth.,實際上,已經成了一個idiom,只是有時在debt之前加上一個形容詞。  

首先,請看收錄包含debt of gratitude例句的詞典:   

1.《牛津高階英漢雙解詞典》(7)(商務印書館 ) p515:  

debt   3.[C, usually sing. ] the fact that you should feel grateful to sb  because  they have helped you or been kin d to you.  人情債;情意;恩情 : to owe a debt of gratitude to sb    欠某人的情  

2. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary  © Oxford University Press, 2010  ( 8th edition光盤版):  

debt  3 [ countable , usually singular ] the fact that you should feel grateful to sb because they have helped you or been kind to you  

to owe a debt of gratitude to sb  

3. Oxford Collocations Dictionary for Students of English (2nd edition © Oxford University Press, 2009)(光盤版):  

debt  noun     3  sth that you owe sb  

phrases  

owe a ~ of gratitude to sb  

We owe a great ~ of gratitude to our families for their support.  

4. Evadne Adrian-Vallance 《朗文高級英語應試辭典》Longman Exams Dictionary (20062  光盤版):  

debt       noun      4 debt of gratitude / thanks    the fact of being grateful to someone who has helped you:  I owe a debt of gratitude to my tutors.  

5. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English 5(光盤版):  

debt    noun  4  debt of gratitude/thanks     the fact of being grateful to someone who has helped you :  

I owe a debt of gratitude to my tutors.  

6. Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners (CD-ROM 2nd Edition. CD-ROM © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2007):  

debt   2[singular]an obligation to be grateful to someone because they have done something for you  

owe a debt of gratitude to someone: I owe a debt of gratitude to my father, who has always supported me.  

7. Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary  (3rd Edition  光盤版) :  debt    acknowledge/ owe a debt (of gratitude) to sb/sth  

8. 劉世同主編《全新多用當代英漢雙解大詞典》( 學苑出版社 20022 月第2 )p329:  I owe him a debt of gratitude for all he has done for me. 我欠他一筆曾幫我的人情債。(注:根據簡清國主編《建宏外研社英漢多功能詞典》(外語與教學研究出版社19971月第1)P10 60:(……事,由某人)受到恩惠   [owe+()+]=[owe+++to()]可知: I owe him a debt of gratitude for all he has done for me.= I owe a debt of gratitude to him for all he has done for me.下同)  

9.(日) 市川繁治郎主編《英語搭配大辭典》(外語教學與研究出版社200610月第1)p451:  

I owe my publishers a special debt of gratitude.  

   

 

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