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make sure后接that從句中的時態——兼談make sure后接that從句中的能否用將來時
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make sure后接that從句中的時態

 

——兼談make sure后接that從句中的能否用將來時

 

■本站特約作者   

 

一、make sure的含義

一般詞典認為make sure有以下兩個含義,且都可以后接that從句:

(1) Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (English•Chinese) (Fourth Edition) (光盤版): make sure:

to find out if something is true or to check that something has been done. 弄清楚,查明

to do sth so that you can be certain of the result.  設法確保

(2)《柯林斯COBUILD高階英漢雙解學習詞典》(外語教學與研究出版社 20117月第1)P2669:

If you make sure that something is done, you take action so that it is done.  一定要;設法保證

If you make sure that something is the way you want or expect it to be,, you check that it is that way.  查明;核實;弄清

(3)《麥克米倫高階英漢雙解詞典》 (楊信彰等譯   外語教學與研究出版社  200510月第1 )P2114:

to check something so that you can be sure about it.查明;弄清楚

to take the action necessary to be sure that something will happen or be done.(采取必要行動) 確保

(4)《牛津高階英漢雙解詞典》(7) (商務印書館 2009 4月第3) P2032:

to do sth in order to be certain sth else happens.查明;弄清楚

to take the action necessary to be sure that something will happen or be done.(采取必要行動) 確保

 

二、make sure后接that從句中的時態

1. make sure后接that從句中可以用一般時。如

(1) Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (English•Chinese) (Fourth Edition) (光盤版): make sure: 

查明  

I wanted to make sure you were all right.

First, make sure the printer has enough paper in it.

設法確保

I’ll walk you home, just to make sure no one bothers you.

(2)《柯林斯COBUILD高階英漢雙解學習詞典》(外語教學與研究出版社 20117月第1)P2669:

一定要;設法保證

Make sure that you follow the instructions careefully…

He wants to make sure that the schools are committed to providing alternative aducation.

查明;核實;弄清

He looked into the bathroom to make sure that he was alone…

Before you cut the cloth, make sure that the pattern matches up on the edges.

(3)《麥克米倫高階英漢雙解詞典》 (楊信彰等譯 外語教學與研究出版社  200510月第1 )P2114:

查明;弄清楚

I just wanted to make sure that you knew where to go.

采取必要行動) 確保

Police were there to make sure there was no voilence.

(4)《牛津高階英漢雙解詞典》(7) (商務印書館 2009 4月第3) P2032:

確保

Make sure (that) no one finds out about this.

Our staff will do their best to make sure you enjoy your visit.

查明;弄清楚

She looked around to make sure that she was alone.

(5) 張柏然主編《新時代英漢大詞典》(商務印書館 20044月第1) P2367:

查明;確保

He went to the door to make sure that it was locked.

To make sure the letter was delivered to the adressee, I registered it.

(6) 簡清國主編《建宏۰外研社英漢多功能詞典》(外語與教學研究出版社19971月第1)P1506:

查明

Will you make sure (that) he returned?.

確保

Make sure (that) you pick me up at five.

(7) 張道真編著的《現代英語用法詞典》(重排本) (外語教學與研究出版社199410月第1)P1466:

Please make sure that the door is properly locked.

I will make sure that the letter leaves tonight.

Father makes sure that all the lights are off before he goes to bed.

 

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